At one time parts of the Texas coast was protected with coastal gun battery emplacements. The gun displacements were part of the coast defense program and were deactivated around the end of World War II. Some of these batteries were transferred to civilian use, the coast guard, or abandoned. One of the batteries that was abandoned was Battery Croghan, Fort San Jacinto, Galveston, Texas.

Battery Croghan, Fort San Jacinto, Galveston, Texas

Battery Croghan

Battery Croghan was part of Fort San Jacinto’s coastal defense system. The guns were mounted so they could protect the shipping lanes and protect the harbor.

Construction for Battery Croghan started on July 12 1899 and was completed in January 1900. It was transferred to the Coast Artillery on March 31st, 1900. But the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 damaged the site before the battery could be armed. The damages to the battery were repaired and the battery was armed with rapid fire 3” M1903 guns sometime before January 1st, 1910.


Battery Croghan still Protecting the Shipping and the Harbor of Galveston, TexasDuring World War I and World War II the Battery Croghan, Fort San Jacinto, Galveston, Texas did not see action and after World War II the battery was deactivated in 1946. The guns and carriages were declared obsolete in October 1945 and sent to salvage in May 1946.

World War II Ammunition Allocation for Battery Croghan

The ammunition at the battery were 15 pounder, high explosives. The battery held 400 rounds and had another 200 rounds in the reserves.

The Current Status of Battery Croghan, Fort San Jacinto, Galveston, Texas

Battery Croghan currently sits abandoned. Its in bad shape. Its filthy, smells of human waste, littered with trash, covered in graffiti (some of it pretty cool) and the concrete is cracking.

When I arrived on site, it was getting late and the tide was coming in. The battery is just off the beach at high tide but the easy access point from the rock wall and beach would be under water during high tide. Because of this and the local fishermen warned about tide coming in I decided not to stay long.

I had originally planned to explore a couple of the concrete battery buildings and in the area but I didn’t want to explore at night and have to go into the overgrown brush. So I ended up exploring the main battery up top and in the battery itself. So at some point, I make another trip to the Houston/Galveston area and then I will visit the forts and batteries in the area.

This article will be updated when more information about the site can be found. If you know more about this location or have family that served at Battery Croghan, have vintage photos of the site, or old/recent photos of the battery and want to share your stories and pictures, please contact us.


Gallery – Battery Croghan, Fort San Jacinto, Galveston, Texas

Images were shot by hand about dusk as the storms were about to reach land with my Sony Nex-3N and a Sony SEL16F28 16mm f/2.8. I then edited the images in Adobe Lightroom. Next, I used Google Nik Collection to add contrast, remove noise, brighten the images, and remove any dust post from the images. As always images and prints available, please contact for more information.